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Flat feet, also known as fallen arches, is a condition in which the arch of the foot collapses and comes into contact with the ground. This can cause pain and discomfort in the foot and ankle, as well as problems in other parts of the body such as the knees, hips, and lower back. This article will go over the causes, symptoms, and how to treat them.

Causes Of Flat Feet

There are several causes of flat feet, including genetics, injury, and certain medical conditions. In some cases, the condition is present at birth and is known as congenital flatfoot. In other cases, it develops later in life as a result of injury or another medical condition. One of the most common causes is overpronation, which occurs when the foot rolls inward excessively as it strikes the ground. This can cause the arch to collapse and flatten. Overpronation is often caused by weak muscles in the foot and ankle, which can lead to flat feet if not corrected.

Another common cause of flat feet is rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation and damage to the joints. This can lead to flat feet as the joints in the foot become weakened and unable to support the arch. 

Obesity, pregnancy, hypermobility, and certain neurological conditions can also lead to flat feet. In some cases, the condition may be caused by a combination of factors.

Symptoms Of Flat Feet

The symptoms of flat feet can vary depending on the cause and severity of the condition. Some common symptoms include pain and discomfort in the foot and ankle, as well as problems in other parts of the body such as the knees, hips, and lower back. It can also lead to other problems such as shin splints, Achilles tendinitis, and plantar fasciitis. The condition can also make it difficult to find comfortable shoes, and can lead to fatigue and discomfort when standing or walking for long periods of time.

Treatment

Treatment for flat feet depends on the cause and severity of the condition. In many cases, simple self-care measures can help to relieve symptoms and prevent further damage. One of the most important self-care measures for flat feet is to wear supportive shoes with good arch support. This can help to redistribute the weight of the body and reduce the stress on the feet. Wearing arch support inserts in your shoes can also be very helpful.

Exercises to strengthen the muscles in the foot and ankle can also be beneficial. These exercises can help to improve the stability of the foot and reduce the risk of overpronation. Stretching exercises can also help to reduce pain and discomfort in the foot and ankle.

In some cases, flat feet may require more advanced treatment, such as physical therapy or orthotic devices. Physical therapy can help to improve the strength and flexibility of the muscles in the foot and ankle.. Orthotics,also known as custom-made shoe inserts, can provide additional support for the arch, reduce pain and inflammation and help to redistribute the weight of the body. A podiatrist can prescribe orthotics after assessing your feet and carrying out gait analysis during a biomechanical assessment.

In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to correct the problem and alleviate pain and discomfort. Surgery can be used to fuse or realign the bones in the foot and ankle, and can also be used to correct any underlying medical conditions that may be contributing to the problem.

Things To Take Away

In conclusion, flat feet is a common condition that can cause pain and discomfort in the foot and ankle, as well as problems in other parts of the body such as the knees, hips, and lower back. The condition can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, injury, and certain medical conditions. Treatment for flat feet depends on the cause and severity of the condition. In many cases, simple self-care measures such as wearing supportive shoes and orthotics as well as exercising can help to  reduce symptoms of flat feet.

How Doncaster Foot Clinic Can Help You

At Doncaster Foot Clinic, we are able to support you with professional advice and treatment for all your foot problems, including flat feet. Our team are experts in a range of treatments, and can help you on your road to recovery and comfort. You can reach us by calling us at 01302 342 971. Otherwise, to stay up to date with our clinical updates and specials, follow us on Facebook

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What Causes Flat Feet And How Do You Treat Them?